mysql

下载镜像

拉取官方的镜像,标签为5.7Docker官方资料MySQL 官方资料MySQL镜像
docker pull mysql:5.7.23
# Trying to pull repository docker.io/library/mysql ...
# 5.7: Pulling from docker.io/library/mysql
# 85b1f47fba49: Already exists
# f34057997f40: Pull complete
# ....
# Digest: sha256:bfb22e93ee87c6aab6c1c9a4e70f28fa289f9ffae9fe8e173

运行容器示

docker run --name mysql \
-p 3306:3306 \
-v $HOME/_docker/mysql/conf.d:/etc/mysql/conf.d \
-v $HOME/_docker/mysql/data:/var/lib/mysql \
-v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro \
-e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=123456 \
-d mysql:5.7.23
  • --name mysql:容器名字为 mysql
  • -p 3306:3306:将容器的 3306 端口映射到主机的 3306 端口
  • -v $HOME/_docker/mysql/conf.d:将主机当前目录下的 ~/_docker/mysql/conf.d 挂载到容器的 /etc/mysql/conf.d,这个是挂载配置目录
  • -v $HOME/_docker/mysql/data:将主机当前目录下的 data 目录挂载到容器的 /var/lib/mysqs,为数据文件存放路径
  • -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=123456:初始化root用户的密码

查看日志

docker exec 命令允许您在 Docker 容器内运行命令。 以下命令行将在 mysql 容器中为您提供一个 bash shell:
$ docker exec -it mysql bash
MySQL Server日志可通过 Docker 的容器日志获得:
$ docker logs mysql

修改配置

# For advice on how to change settings please see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/server-configuration-defaults.html
[client]
default-character-set = utf8mb4
[mysql]
default-character-set = utf8mb4
[mysqld]
character-set-client-handshake = FALSE
character-set-server = utf8mb4
collation-server = utf8mb4_unicode_ci
# 忽略数据库表名的大小写区分
lower_case_table_names = 1
# 解决时区与中国时区不至问题
default-time_zone=+8:00
# 设置服务ID
server-id=1
#
# Remove leading # and set to the amount of RAM for the most important data
# cache in MySQL. Start at 70% of total RAM for dedicated server, else 10%.
# innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M
#
# Remove leading # to turn on a very important data integrity option: logging
# changes to the binary log between backups.
# log_bin
# 开启 binlog,log_bin 等于 server-id
log_bin=1
#
# Remove leading # to set options mainly useful for reporting servers.
# The server defaults are faster for transactions and fast SELECTs.
# Adjust sizes as needed, experiment to find the optimal values.
# join_buffer_size = 128M
# sort_buffer_size = 2M
# read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M
datadir=/var/lib/mysql
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks
symbolic-links=0
#log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
通过[容器名字]或者[容器 ID]来重启 MySQL,让配置生效。
docker restart mysql

进入数据库

# 进入 mysql 容器
docker exec -it mysql /bin/bash
# 通过 mysql 命令登陆
mysql -uroot -p
# 查看是否开启了binlog
show binary logs;
show variables like '%server_id%';
Last modified 2yr ago